Also can retting of jute be change from water retting to enhance the fiber quality and can the process change to shift from a semi mechanised process of producing jute fiber to mechanised production of jute and hemp fiber. durl@chico.com The released fibre bundles, called strands, are frequently used without additional separation, in which case they are called fibres. I’m working with an invested group to launch the first Decortication and processing facility in Oregon. Let’s help each other and save the world with hemp! BastCore is located in the greater-Omaha area and serves the fiber supply chain in an altogether unique way, through the processing of hemp. Massive bales of what looked like hay were stacked in front of the building, reaching into the sky three or four bales high, serving as a beautiful contrast to the sky but also hinting at what this blank canvas of a building was hiding inside. Bast fibre bundles are often several feet long and composed of overlapping cellulose fibres and a cohesive gum, or pectin, which strengthens the stem of the plant. It is related to flax and hemp and can be used to produce a fine linen-like cloth. An annual plant that grows from seed, hemp can be grown on a processing of soils, but tends to grow best on land that processings high yields of corn. sativa) is an efficient crop, which has multiple uses, the most valuable part of the plant is its fibres for production for the fabric industry, and it is also extensively used for biodegradable plastics and bio fuels. This is the most important bamboo type in China, where it covers about 3 million hectares. Dew retting is a more sustainable process where the stalks are left out in the field for 6 weeks, and are acted upon by the dew, sun and fungi. With field or dew retting, plant stems are cut or pulled up and left in the field to rot. This is the first article I have seen that actually addresses that endeavor with hemp! Any tips on finding a buyer for the fiber? I would like to get your knowledge on this since knowledge of hemp processing is very poor in our country. Dispatches from Hemp Research: Harvesting & Evaluating a Field Trial in North Carolina, Conserving Community at Blue Oak Canyon Ranch, https://fibershed.org/2018/07/05/building-off-an-industrial-hemp-variety-trial-with-one-acre-exchange/, https://fibershed.org/programs/fiber-systems-research/hemp/. Your email address will not be published. Since the 1930s the focus has been the production of strains that offer a poor sources of drug material. In tanks with warm water, the time is reduced to a few days. processing Bast fibres, like linen and flax are obtained from the phloem , or inner bark (or skin) of a plant. The world’s premier institute for the development of hemp is still situated in The Ukraine where it develops new varieties with improved fibre content, increased yield and low THC. They would separate the bast fiber from the hurd by hand. Bast Fiber Processing Advisor Biolin Research Inc. began as a research facility with the goal of producing value-added fiber from flax grown in the Prairie provinces of Canada. John Lupien, BastCore’s founder and president, greeted everyone at the beginning of the tour before going into detail about the machinery used in processing at the mill. With crop rotation it is not necessary to use chemical fertilisers and pesticides when growing flax. John I have a setup of a large scale production of jute fiber. The Hemp Factory As it is a grass species it regenerates after being cut, much like a lawn, which negates the need for replanting. The emerging uses for it today span engineering applications, insulation paper and clothing grade cloth as well as providing vegetable oil from the seeds. The best picture of the finished fiber is the one in the photo with the coin. Both methods require 14 to 28 days to degrade the pectic materials, hemicellulose, and lignin. It is a species of hibiscus with visual similarities to Jute. A new process has recently been developed that makes it possible to use the same machinery as cotton when weaving hemp. The second best option is cutting the plant stalks very close to ground level. Can you tell about machine manufacturers. This was good for small-scale R&D, but wouldn’t be great for larger scale projects, partly because of the large amount of wastewater produced. Post navigation. Retting is a controlled ‘rotting’ to remove the gummy (pectinous) substances which glue the bast fibres together, and this can be achieved with different methods: Water retting involves leaving the stalks in tanks or ponds of water (or in a running river), and are acted upon by bacteria, rotting the stalk which separates the fibres from the woody core. My name is Ken McCoy. It also produces minimum wastage, as there are several by-products. Traditionally, hemp stalks would be water-retted first before the fibers were beaten off the inner hurd by hand, a process known as scutching. Hope to hear from you soon. Bast fiber is strong, which explains why it is the part of the plant used to make rope and canvas like that of boat sails. Increased production of the fibre in Asia, and particularly China, has promoted the use in blended fabrics with silk, linen, and cotton, which can now be found on the market. BastCore is located in the greater-Omaha area and serves the fiber supply chain in an altogether unique way, through the processing of hemp. We need investment to couple along with our fantastic incentatives….Thanks in advance…, Ken McCoy Tossa jute is also grown as a staple food and is now grown in India. Developing natural fibers starts with a process called field retting. The nutrients from the decaying stalks means that this method is highly polluting to the water source. Ramie has very similar properties to linen; it is a natural white in color, has an excellent lustre and is unusually resistant to bacteria and moulds. BastCore’s process puts these items into the realm of possibility, and John’s constant pursuit of creating a better fiber is the driving force behind this technology that makes American-grown hemp products an opportunity. I’ve been in California for a little bit and I’ve seen the fibre from canabis being burned or composted. The two principal plant varieties are: Cannabis sativa L. subsp. Thank you for reaching out Kenny. We decorticated the fiber by hand and soaked it in a dilute solution of sodium hydroxide on the stove top for about one hour, then washed it repeatedly with hot water and soap, rinsed it, dried it, and hand carded it. After extraction, the fiber is degummed, dried, decorticated, scotched, hackled and combed processes that separate and clean the component parts. Swiss company Litrax is, however involved in the development of sustainable manufacturing of bamboo fibre. Ultrasonically processed bast fibers are fibrillated and show a significantly higher specific surface, increased tensile strength and flexibility. Sustainable land use practices that provide both economic and environmental advantages and are of global importance as the world’s six billion people compete for water, food, fibre and shelter, the high yield per hectare of bamboo becomes a very significant advantage. 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