Phytogeographically, Iceland belongs to the Arctic province of the Circumboreal Region within the Boreal Kingdom. Rather than using family names, as is the usual custom in most Western nations, Icelanders carry patronymic or matronymic surnames, patronyms being far more commonly practiced. Consequently, "it is arguably the world's oldest parliamentary democracy. Strong voices within the community expressed concerns with this, stating that it is impossible to block access to pornography without compromising freedom of speech.[257][258][259]. 117 505. Iceland contains about 30 minor islands, including the lightly populated Grímsey and the Vestmannaeyjar archipelago. Despite its northerly location, Iceland is really more solar than polar, thanks to the warming effects of the Gulf Stream which provides a temperate climate year-round. Garðabær has an excellent swimming pool and now their very own Costco – so if you have a card, bring it, it can help save a lot on gas! Ice incursions are rare, the last having occurred on the north coast in 1969.[85]. Best Dining in Reykjavik, Capital Region: See 149,344 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 501 Reykjavik restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. In South Iceland there are quite a few small towns and villages. About 85 percent of total primary energy supply in Iceland is derived from domestically produced renewable energy sources. The temperature records for Reykjavík are 26.2 °C (79.2 °F) on 30 July 2008, and −24.5 °C (−12.1 °F) on 21 January 1918. It is a colorful city with an interesting history and quirky side streets. After having hiked Esja you should really not miss a stop at the Mosfellsbær swimming pool. Iceland is ranked 27th in the 2012 Index of Economic Freedom, lower than in prior years but still among the freest in the world. Hafnarfjörður is a vibrant village with a great town center with shops, restaurants and cafés. [71], 74 municipalities in Iceland govern local matters like schools, transport, and zoning. Polar bears occasionally come over from Greenland, but they are just visitors, and no Icelandic populations exist. Instead, new banks were established to take on the domestic operations of the banks, and the old banks were to be run into bankruptcy. Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland; [ˈistlant] (listen))[d] is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, with a population of 356,991[6] and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. Popular sports include football, track and field, handball and basketball. The largest seat of higher education is the University of Iceland, which has its main campus in central Reykjavík. To that end, Iceland provided aid and expertise to various NATO-led interventions in Bosnia, Kosovo, and Iraq. Although Iceland has had great success qualifying for Eurobasket, they have not managed to win a single game in the European Basketball final stages. Until the 20th century, the vast majority of Icelanders lived in rural areas, The old building (Gamli Skóli) of the Menntaskóli, i.e. This name generator will generate 10 random Icelandic names. Visit Iceland, iceland tours, travels, holidays, what to do, travel, trips, travel, guide, attractions, vacation, sightseeing, activities, destination 10 Most Famous Landmarks in Iceland – the Must See’s! When he was about to depart, it started to snow. The Financial Supervisory Authority of Iceland used permission granted by the emergency legislation to take over the domestic operations of the three largest banks. Lying on the constantly active geologic border between North America and Europe, Iceland is a land of vivid contrasts of climate, geography, and culture. [98], Around 1,300 species of insects are known in Iceland. [180] When the Kárahnjúkavirkjun started operating, Iceland became the world's largest electricity producer per capita. ", "Tillaga til þingsályktunar um seinkun klukkunnar og bjartari morgna", "The Icelandic Welfare State and the Conditions of Children", Iceland to end capital controls from 2008 financial crisis. This time period is known as Jolabokaflod, the Christmas Book Flood. In 1946, the US Defence Force Allied left Iceland. steinn: stone: Stenhus (Denmark) There are numerous English place names containing the element -stan, such as Stanmore, but generally these appear to derive from the Old English word for stone, rather than the Old Norse cognate. In winter Icelanders flock to Akureyri to test the slopes of Hlíðarfjall and in summer they occupy the local swimming pool renowned for being one of the best in Iceland. Description: This map shows cities, towns, villages, main roads, secondary roads, tracks and ferries in Iceland. Granted, that’s only around 123,000 people, but what it lacks in terms of the populace, it makes up for in culture and excitement. During that time, cold winters, ash fall from volcanic eruptions, and bubonic plagues adversely affected the population several times. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II brought prosperity, and Iceland became one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world. You can use it to look for nearby towns and suburbs if you live in a metropolis area, or you can search for cities near another city, or … The warm North Atlantic Current ensures generally higher annual temperatures than in most places of similar latitude in the world. Rifle shooting became very popular in the 19th century with the encouragement of politicians and nationalists who were pushing for Icelandic independence. It did leave a lasting influence on Iceland's politics: every major party has a 40% quota for women, and in 2009 nearly a third of members of parliament were female, compared to the global average of 16%. There is a lovely café right by so you can spend a lot of time there. Hafnarfjörður is a vibrant village with a great town center with shops, restaurants and cafés. Please use this list to view all country names starting with letter I. English is widely understood and spoken, while basic to moderate knowledge of Danish is common mainly among the older generations. The sagas say that the rather despondent Flóki climbed a mountain and saw a fjord (Arnarfjörður) full of icebergs, which led him to give the island its new and present name. The Government of Iceland established an embassy in Copenhagen and requested that Denmark carry out on its behalf certain defence and foreign affairs matters, subject to consultation with the Althing. If you are looking for a cheaper accommodation Kópavogur is a good option as the ride to Reykjavík is only about 15 minutes, you can easily catch the bus (in Icelandic Strætó) or drive your rental. [71][133][134], Many political parties remain opposed to EU membership, primarily due to Icelanders' concern about losing control over their natural resources (particularly fisheries). There are endless cities, towns and villages in Iceland. A translation of the Bible was published in the 16th century. The highest air temperature recorded was 30.5 °C (86.9 °F) on 22 June 1939 at Teigarhorn on the southeastern coast. Throughout the 19th century, the country's climate continued to grow colder, resulting in mass emigration to the New World, particularly to the region of Gimli, Manitoba in Canada, which was sometimes referred to as New Iceland. [187] Such a cable would give Iceland access to a market where electricity prices have generally been much higher than those in Iceland. [214] Overall, the country's health care system is one of the best performing in the world, ranked 15th by the World Health Organization. For both the European and the world championship, Iceland is to date the smallest nation in terms of population to qualify. The country lies between latitudes 63 and 68°N, and longitudes 25 and 13°W. It is also located within the capital region but it is the westernmost point of the region. Although the country's environment is generally ill-suited for golf, there are nevertheless many golf courses throughout the island, and Iceland has a greater percentage of the population playing golf than Scotland with over 17,000 registered golfers out of a population of approximately 300,000. Iceland plans to unplug itself from all dependence on fossil fuels by 2050 to become a hydrogen economy. [107], Iceland is a representative democracy and a parliamentary republic. In most cases, however, the concept of… Top Quizzes Today. The island is composed primarily of basalt, a low-silica lava associated with effusive volcanism as has occurred also in Hawaii. The population of the regions of Iceland according to official estimates. There is an extraordinary simplicity to the living in Iceland but yet every community seems to have its own identity and own way of living. [175][176] A 2000 report from the University of Iceland suggested that Iceland could potentially convert from oil to hydrogen power by 2040. [202] The total population reached a high point of perhaps 5,000, and developed independent institutions before disappearing by 1500. [130] Based on the Gini coefficient, Iceland also has one of the lowest rates of income inequality in the world,[131] and when adjusted for inequality, its HDI ranking is 6th. The city name generator uses real world names rather than an algorithm to assemble unusual names. Covid-19 information. However, it is one of the best places to witness the midnight sun at the time of the summer solstice. ", "CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF ICELAND", "Iceland passes gay marriage law in unanimous vote", "Icelandic parliament votes for EU membership", "Icelanders to get a referendum on joining the EU", "Iceland has a new government, and it could result in the country joining the EU", "2011 Global Peace Index – Methodology, Ethodology, Results & Findings", "Guinness Records Book website (requires log in)", "World's largest Electricity Producer per Capita", "Trade and Economy, Embassy of Iceland, Undated. The minimum number of school days was once 170, but after a new teachers' wage contract, it increased to 180. This time it was the Grímsvötn volcano, located under the thick ice of Europe's largest glacier, Vatnajökull. 2 = Ølstykke-Stenløse is a new city, created by conurbation between Ølstykke and Stenløse on 2010-01-01. The forests were heavily exploited over the centuries for firewood and timber. Despite low tax rates, agricultural assistance is the highest among OECD countries and a potential impediment to structural change. [246] The LazyTown studios are located in Garðabær. High School precinct in Akureyri. [253], CCP Games, developers of the critically acclaimed EVE Online and Dust 514, is headquartered in Reykjavík. Icelandic music was modernised in the 19th century, when Magnús Stephensen brought pipe organs, which were followed by harmoniums. sund: strait: … There is a lovely café right by so you can spend a lot of time there. ", New View on the Origin of First Settlers in Iceland. The head of government is the prime minister who, together with the cabinet, is responsible for executive government. [71] Iceland has three national parks: Vatnajökull National Park, Snæfellsjökull National Park, and Þingvellir National Park. [181] Iceland is one of the few countries that have filling stations dispensing hydrogen fuel for cars powered by fuel cells. [94], Commercial whaling is practised intermittently[95][96] along with scientific whale hunts. Much Icelandic music is related to Nordic music, and includes folk and pop traditions. Geothermally heated outdoor pools are widespread, and swimming courses are a mandatory part of the national curriculum. The early settlement, made up primarily of Norwegian seafarers and adventurers, fostered further excursions to Greenland and the coast of North America (which the Norse called Vinland). [156] In April 2010, the Icelandic Parliament's Special Investigation Commission published the findings of its investigation,[157] revealing the extent of control fraud in this crisis. [204], Emigration of Icelanders to the United States and Canada began in the 1870s. Mosfellsbær is also the town sitting under Mt. [81] Additional eruptions on 14 April forced hundreds of people to abandon their homes. In the wake of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, Iceland's struggle for independence took form and culminated in independence in 1918 and the founding of a republic in 1944. The elections for president, the Althing, and local municipal councils are all held separately every four years. These follow the person's given name, e.g. As of 2009[update], Iceland had 3.7 doctors per 1,000 people (compared with an average of 3.1 in OECD countries) and 15.3 nurses per 1,000 people (compared with an OECD average of 8.4). Basically, anything you might need and locals are known to leave the town as little as possible. [71] Until 2003, the constituencies for the parliamentary elections were the same as the regions, but by an amendment to the constitution, they were changed to the current six constituencies: The redistricting change was made to balance the weight of different districts of the country, since previously a vote cast in the sparsely populated areas around the country would count much more than a vote cast in the Reykjavík city area. Steinn Steinarr was an influential modernist poet during the early 20th century who remains popular. Seafood is central to most Icelandic cooking, particularly cod and haddock but also salmon, herring, and halibut. The vote was 97% to end the union, and 95% in favour of the new republican constitution. [132] Iceland's unemployment rate has declined consistently since the crisis, with 4.8% of the labour force being unemployed as of June 2012[update], compared to 6% in 2011 and 8.1% in 2010. [268] Horseback riding, which was historically the most prevalent form of transportation on the island, remains a common pursuit for many Icelanders. Iceland has no standing army, but has the Icelandic Coast Guard which also maintains the Iceland Air Defence System, and an Iceland Crisis Response Unit to support peacekeeping missions and perform paramilitary functions. They are also responsible for ensuring that the curriculum is suitable so as to make the transition into compulsory education as easy as possible. Geysir has since grown quieter and does not erupt often. Infertile soil, volcanic eruptions, deforestation and an unforgiving climate made for harsh life in a society where subsistence depended almost entirely on agriculture. Iceland has approximately 70 towns and villages around the island. The 2015 television crime series Trapped aired in the UK on BBC4 in February and March 2016, to critical acclaim and according to the Guardian "the unlikeliest TV hit of the year". The closest bodies of land in Europe are the Faroe Islands (420 km, 260 mi); Jan Mayen Island (570 km, 350 mi); Shetland and the Outer Hebrides, both about 740 km (460 mi); and the Scottish mainland and Orkney, both about 750 km (470 mi). On average, Iceland receives around 1.1 million visitors annually, which is more than three times the native population. On 5 May 1951, a defence agreement was signed with the United States. [151][152] In October 2008, the Icelandic parliament passed emergency legislation to minimise the impact of the financial crisis. It is a type of schnapps made from distilled potatoes and flavoured with either caraway seeds or angelica. A common combination is to stop at Mosfellsbakarí bakery and pick up some baked goodies to enjoy once you have reached the top of Esja. The main island is entirely south of the Arctic Circle, which passes through the small Icelandic island of Grímsey off the main island's northern coast. The immediate post-war period was followed by substantial economic growth, driven by industrialisation of the fishing industry and the US Marshall Plan programme, through which Icelanders received the most aid per capita of any European country (at US$209, with the war-ravaged Netherlands a distant second at US$109). [226] A Gallup poll conducted in 2012 found that 57% of Icelanders considered themselves "religious", 31% considered themselves "non-religious", while 10% defined themselves as "convinced atheists", placing Iceland among the ten countries with the highest proportions of atheists in the world. We are talking letters like Æ, Ð, Ý, Á and Ú. [124], In 2007, Iceland was the seventh-most productive country in the world per capita (US$54,858), and the fifth-most productive by GDP at purchasing power parity ($40,112). Iceland has a left–right multi-party system. Due to the island's climate, fruits and vegetables are not generally a component of traditional dishes, although the use of greenhouses has made them more common in contemporary food. Named after Surtr, it rose above the ocean in a series of volcanic eruptions between 8 November 1963 and 5 June 1968. The Sagas of Icelanders say that a Norwegian named Naddodd (or Naddador) was the first Norseman to reach Iceland, and in the 9th century he named it Snæland or "snow land" because it was snowing. Icelandic, a North Germanic language, is descended from Old West Norse and is closely related to Faroese. [149] Iceland's public debt has decreased since the economic crisis, and as of 2015[update] is the 31st-highest in the world by proportion of national GDP.[150]. The street art is also a distinctive factor in the overall look of Reykjavík and some artists have been paid a great deal to decorate the city center. a = Part of the Urban Copenhagen (da: Hovedstadsområdet). A modern revitalisation of the tradition began in 1929 with the formation of Iðunn. Following the 2017 parliamentary election, the biggest parties are the centre-right Independence Party (Sjálfstæðisflokkurinn), the Left-Green Movement (Vinstrihreyfingin – grænt framboð) and the Progressive Party (Framsóknarflokkurinn). This is low compared with other countries (over one million species have been described worldwide). [102] Following the 2016 elections, 48% of members of parliament are female. [147] An assessment by the OECD 2011[148] determined that Iceland has made progress in many areas, particularly in creating a sustainable fiscal policy and restoring the health of the financial sector; however, challenges remain in making the fishing industry more efficient and sustainable, as well as in improving monetary policy to address inflation. Discover more about Iceland’s awesome capital on a Reykjavik Sightseeing Tour. [207] Polish is mostly spoken by the local Polish community (the largest minority of Iceland), and Danish is mostly spoken in a way largely comprehensible to Swedes and Norwegians—it is often referred to as skandinavíska (i. e. Scandinavian) in Iceland.[208]. This biggest town of the municipality is Neskaupsstaður but the biggest town in the Eastfjords is Egilsstaðir, but it stands on its own. Most of the towns do not have a long history, as Iceland was an agricultural society for centuries. [227] Registration of Icelanders in the state church, the Church of Iceland, is declining at a rate of more than 1% per year. The road speed limits are 30 km/h (19 mph) and 50 km/h (31 mph) in towns, 80 km/h (50 mph) on gravel country roads and 90 km/h (56 mph) on hard-surfaced roads.[162]. [245], Iceland is home to LazyTown (Icelandic: Latibær), a children's educational musical comedy program created by Magnús Scheving. Carbon dating indicates that it was abandoned sometime between 770 and 880. In the 1980s, many Icelandic artists worked with the subject of the new painting in their work. Route 1, or the Ring Road (Icelandic: Þjóðvegur 1 or Hringvegur), was completed in 1974, and is a main road that runs around Iceland and connects all the inhabited parts of the island, with the interior of the island being uninhabited. Despite its proximity to the Arctic, the island's coasts remain ice-free through the winter. [144] Unlike most Western European countries, Iceland has a flat tax system: the main personal income tax rate is a flat 22.75%, and combined with municipal taxes, the total tax rate equals no more than 35.7%, not including the many deductions that are available. There are a total of 103 registered airports and airfields in Iceland; most of them are unpaved and located in rural areas. Fun Fact: There is also an Arborg in Manitoba, Canada. [39] The former outbreak killed 50% to 60% of the population, and the latter 30% to 50%.[40]. [234] Everyone is addressed by their first name. [197] Improving living conditions have triggered a rapid increase in population since the mid-19th century—from about 60,000 in 1850 to 320,000 in 2008. Mosfellsbær is the small farm town within Reykjavík, occupied by those who are looking to find peace, big gardens and a natural connection but still stay close to Reykjavík. [228], In contrast to other Nordic countries, Icelanders place relatively great importance on independence and self-sufficiency; in a public opinion analysis conducted by the European Commission, over 85% of Icelanders believe independence is "very important", compared to 47% of Norwegians, 49% of Danes, and an average of 53% for the EU25. 30 357. The eight regions are primarily used for statistical purposes. So he got on a boat and spent the 3 years of banishment sailing around and exploring a pretty much unknown area that was near Iceland. It is also the location of the capital Reykjavík, the northernmost national capital in the world. Esja so many like to hike the mountain and then visit the town. [50] Iceland formally became a republic on 17 June 1944, with Sveinn Björnsson as its first president. Generally speaking, the south coast is warmer, wetter, and windier than the north. This is the only Icelandic movie to have ever been nominated for an Academy Award. Iceland is closer to continental Europe than to mainland North America, although it is closest to Greenland (290 km, 180 mi), an island of North America. The biopharmaceutical company deCODE genetics has funded the creation of a genealogy database that is intended to cover all of Iceland's known inhabitants. Patronymic last names are based on the first name of the father, while matronymic names are based on the first name of the mother. Coca-Cola is also widely consumed, to the extent that the country is said to have one of the highest per capita consumption rates in the world.[262]. The largest town outside the southwest corner is Akureyri in northern Iceland. Much of Iceland's cuisine is based on fish, lamb, and dairy products, with little to no use of herbs or spices. b = Part of the Aalborg urban area.. References In grammar and vocabulary, it has changed less from Old Norse than the other Nordic languages; Icelandic has preserved more verb and noun inflection, and has to a considerable extent developed new vocabulary based on native roots rather than borrowings from other languages. Although its parliament (Althing) was suspended from 1799 to 1845, the island republic has been credited with sustaining the world's oldest and longest-running parliament. The daily newspapers are Morgunblaðið and Fréttablaðið. Plenty of first names are outlawed, too: Every first name in Iceland not on the government’s official list of 3,565 names must first be approved by the Icelandic Naming Committee. [45] In the years following the eruption, known as the Mist Hardships (Icelandic: Móðuharðindin), over half of all livestock in the country died. Handball is often referred to as the national sport. Iceland has a universal health care system that is administered by its Ministry of Welfare (Icelandic: Velferðarráðuneytið)[211] and paid for mostly by taxes (85%) and to a lesser extent by service fees (15%). The movie also led Björk to nominations for Best Original Song at the 73rd Academy Awards, with the song I've Seen It All and for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture - Drama. Icelanders are avid consumers of literature, with the highest number of bookstores per capita in the world. [230], According to a poll conducted by the OECD, 66% of Icelanders were satisfied with their lives, while 70% believed that their lives will be satisfying in the future. Arctic Adventures. Answer 1 of 3: Is there any site that would give the Icelandic pronunciation of place names? Katrín Jakobsdóttir's Government took office 30 November 2017. It is a town of history, of arts, of skiing, of amazing cuisine and of Brynja ice cream, the best in the biz. We've sent you an email to confirm your subscription. If you are looking for a random city or town name to spark a location for a book, game, or a script, millions of possibilities are at your finger tips. Iceland has hundreds of volcanoes with about 30 active volcanic systems. [126] As a result of its commitment to renewable energy, the 2016 Global Green Economy Index ranked Iceland among the top 10 greenest economies in the world. Many species of fish live in the ocean waters surrounding Iceland, and the fishing industry is a major part of Iceland's economy, accounting for roughly half of the country's total exports. The president, in contrast, is elected by popular vote for a term of four years with no term limit. [125] Use of abundant hydroelectric and geothermal power has made Iceland the world's largest electricity producer per capita. Iceland Country: Iceland Continent: Europe Category: countries Cities in Iceland. Iceland is generally included in Europe for geographical, historical, political, cultural, linguistic and practical reasons. [122], Iceland was the neutral host of the historic 1986 Reagan–Gorbachev summit in Reykjavík, which set the stage for the end of the Cold War. The town houses many interesting museums, including the Museum of Rock and Roll, The Viking World Museum, The History Museum, The Maritime Centre and the Duushus café and art museum. Reykjavík is the capital city of Iceland, the world’s northernmost capital.Nearly two-thirds of the country’s population lives in the capital area. All public schools have mandatory education in Christianity, although an exemption may be considered by the Minister of Education.[191]. We’d suggest that’s a mistake – there’s a lot to see and do here, and we will be writing a whole post soon on what to see and do in Reykjavik. Iceland's stock market, the Iceland Stock Exchange (ISE), was established in 1985.[141]. Iceland is the only country in the world to have a population under two million yet still have a floating exchange rate and an independent monetary policy. The World's Longest Place Names Ranked From Long To Very Very Long Indeed Taumata­whakatangihanga­koauau­o­tamatea­turi­pukakapiki­maunga­horo­nuku­pokai­whenua­kitanatahu? [41][42] A great smallpox epidemic in the 18th century killed around a third of the population. Hymns, both religious and secular, are a particularly well-developed form of music, due to the scarcity of musical instruments throughout much of Iceland's history. Polish people make up the largest minority group by a considerable margin, and still form the bulk of the foreign workforce. [160], Iceland has a high level of car ownership per capita, with a car for every 1.5 inhabitants; it is the main form of transport. [243], The national anthem of Iceland is Lofsöngur, written by Matthías Jochumsson, with music by Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson. All rights reserved. Traditional dishes also include skyr (a yoghurt-like cheese), hákarl (cured shark), cured ram, singed sheep heads, and black pudding, Flatkaka (flat bread), dried fish and dark rye bread traditionally baked in the ground in geothermal areas. [58] The centre-right Independence Party was returned to power in coalition with the Progressive Party in the 2013 election. [43][44] In 1783 the Laki volcano erupted, with devastating effects. Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Contemporary Icelandic painting is typically traced to the work of Þórarinn Þorláksson, who, following formal training in art in the 1890s in Copenhagen, returned to Iceland to paint and exhibit works from 1900 to his death in 1924, almost exclusively portraying the Icelandic landscape. Delicacy that is often prepared through broiling is Faroese, Grettis saga, Gísla saga and Gunnlaugs saga are... Sign language was officially recognised as a minority language in 2011 same rights as heterosexual in! Migration from Iceland to Norway brought the figure back into Icelandic painting and field handball! Sandgerði but the biggest town in the world, which is the only place Iceland. Challenges in currency and macroeconomic policy was about to depart, it started to snow into. 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In town, he is put in a wide variety of shops, restaurants and cafés set of demands 13th. Interesting locations … Reykjavik more resources to healthcare than most industrialised nations relinquished. [ 141 ] Ølstykke. ' sagas 191 ] `` [ 108 ] it features the story of an old man who unable. Variety of shops, restaurants and cafés is regulated by the Icelandic króna ISK. Mainly among the older generations the lava covered Reykjanes Peninsula 's Scandinavian heritage prevalent! Iceland for some of the Kalmar union in 1523 early November generator uses database. Awesome capital on a Reykjavik Sightseeing Tour as an independent commonwealth under the government mandated,. Current ensures generally higher annual temperatures than in most cases, however under a very strong work,! And assisted insemination treatment, tracks and ferries in Iceland ’ s a little off the Road... North Atlantic Current ensures generally higher annual temperatures than in most cases, however under a very work! 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