Excessive rubbing can occur when the Neck Strap is not properly fitted (too loose) allowing rotation of the Nose Loop. I have considered the muzzle ones, but she also has a pretty sensitive face - her eyes and lips sometimes get red from allergies. It is important to release the tension on the leash immediately whenever the dog is performing the right behavior. GENTLE LEADER® The Gentle Leader® offers you a whole new concept in the control, training & management of your dog. Try creating a "treat trail" on the ground, and the dog is rewarded while walking from treat to treat. Where ever the head goes, the body must follow. Do not immediately tighten the Nose Loop. The co-developer of the Gentle Leader®, Dr. R.K. Anderson, has investigated rumors that wearing a Gentle Leader® can cause injury to … If that brand is not going to work, there are several others you can check into, such as the Promise Halter, or ‘Haltie’. The Gentle Leader is basicly a loop that goes over the head and around the nose. During the past few years of use, behaviorists, veterinarians and trainers have come to recognize the inherent safety of the Gentle Leader® Headcollar when used according to instructions and increasingly recommend the Gentle Leader® as a safe and humane training aid. DISCLAIMER: This educational advice is based on the depth of your question and the picture you submitted. The Beaphar Gentle Leader® is a unique, patented design that has been scientifically developed to work with your dog's natural instincts in order to control unwanted pulling on the lead. The Gentle Leader, or a prong collar? Trying to soothe the dog with "it's okay," petting and eye contact inadvertently reinforces the "pout". First, check the fit. Wash the headcollar before using again (it is safe to machine wash and dry or drip dry). Save the words, petting, treats and eye contact for when the dog is behaving the way you want him to. Allergens Causing Skin Infections in Dogs The product is comfortable, lightweight and focuses on keeping the dog calm at all times. Thank You Dr. Tillman: Is there any topical that you would recommend to promote healing of the affected area? Work with him when he's hungry - right before his normal feeding time. Make sure good things happen when the Gentle Leader is on - eating, playing, petting. For many owners, Gentle Leader® provides such ease of control that the headcollar option is their permanent choice throughout the life of their dogs. See that the gentle leader is the right size. Best, -C. Hi Craig, No, there is not a specific topical cream to ‘speed’ up hair regrowth. Tooth and gum disease can also cause skin irritation around the mouth since drooling usually accompanies dental problems. The gentle leader’s neck strap must be long enough so that it as high up on your dog’s neck as possible. The most common drugs causing mouth sores include certain cancer chemotherapy drugs. It is worn around the nose and jaw of the dog to provide gentle leash without hurting them. When you see a golden retriever wearing a gentle leader that is one thing, but an Akita wearing a Gentle Leader causes people to side-step the poor dog and treat the dog like a pariah. With Gentle Leader®, your dog instinctively senses and responds to your leadership, allowing him to relax and let you be responsible for his welfare. Another myth is that the Gentle Leader can cause injury to the dog's neck. A Halti works much the same way as the Gentle Leader but has an extra strap that is supposed to help keep the strap from pulling into the eyes. The Nose Loop rests just behind the corners of the mouth, in front of the eyes. The Gentle Leader® does not choke and does not cause pain nor does it in anyway affect the facial nerves. Find more PetSafe Gentle Leader Head Collar information and reviews here. This means the front of the neck strap should be above your dog’s Adam's apple, while the back should reach around to touch the base of the skull directly behind your pup’s ears. We recommend that the Gentle Leader® not be left on any longer than 18 hours per day. Instead, a training tool is something we use in order to help reduce a negative or unwanted behavior and replace it with a positive one. The Gentle Leader® provides solutions for the novice pet owner while still providing control and expediency in training for the pet owner that desires to take training to a higher level. Any dental abscesses can cause a skin irritation around the mouth. It’s called torque and it hurts. Also, the company says that there’s pressure transferred to the back of the neck, but a simple look at where the lead attaches demonstrates this isn’t true. Remember that the dog is not in pain, he is simply resisting the new message telling him he is no longer in control - the handler's patience and persistence will pay off! Or you can ‘custom’ adapt the halter to be fitted with some lambswool, as in a horse’s halter, to prevent it from rubbing the hair off. Headcollars are less likely to cause injury while training a dog not to pull, whereas a neck collar can often cause problems with dogs that weren’t taught as puppies not to pull, like rescue dogs. Then, it contains Methylchloroisothiazolinone and Methylisothiazolinone. Don't try to "comfort" the dog with petting or soothing phrases like, "It's OK, it won't hurt you, I'm here..." If this is done while he is resisting, you are actually telling him that his resistance is what you want - you'll be reinforcing his attempt to control the situation. Best Answer The Gentle Leader does not cause pain in dogs any more than a regular horse halter hurts horses. See our page on 10 Best dog food options. One one hand, as a dog walker, it has allowed me to walk countless Tasmanian devils challenging dogs. None of the rumors could be substantiated - not one case of neck or vertebra injury could be documented as being caused by the Gentle Leader®. The Gentle Leader pivots the entire weight of a pulling dog on its nose. The Gentle Leader is a nose loop designed for dogs who pull. When the dog pulls, pressure is applied from the back of the neck causing the dog to pull backward instead of pulling forward. Dr. Anderson has investigated all of the injury reports that have come to his attention and continues to actively solicit any injury report for his personal investigation. It doe not frighten the dog with sudden jerks, jabs, sprays, or noises. They are great for dogs who are heavy pullers or have delicate throats. The owner is the one who must make the determination as to when and if a change is in the best interests of the dog and family. Wash the Gentle Leader® before using it again (it is safe to machine wash and dry or drip dry). This ease allows the elderly or people with physical limitations to successfully use the harness, especially when managing heavier and bigger dogs. When fear and anxiety are reduced, your dog will learn faster and be a more rewarding companion. Choosing the Right Harness for Your Dog. No matter what the breed, size or age of your dog, the Gentle Leader® provides ‘power steering’, kind control and effective leadership, and makes training at home quick, simple and fun. Reactionary behavior will fade as the dog acknowledges leadership. You should be able to pull it forward to the beginning of the fleshy part of the nose, but not all of the way off. A "hot spot" can develop if the headcollar is left on the dog for days without taking it off at night. As I mentioned earlier, if there is another reason that the hair loss occurred and his hair is NOT growing back, or if there are new areas of hair loss and it is not due to the Gentle Leader, then I would advise seeking a holistic veterinarian for skin scraping, fungus culture, etc. Providing a good diet with adequate protein, the proper fatty acids and moisture (NOT a dry dog food) will also improve the hair coat. Acclimating Your Dog to the Gentle Leader ... Dry skin is less likely to stick to fabrics and cause friction or traction. We recommend that the Gentle Leader® not be left on any longer than 18 hours per day. The handler might choose to use Gentle Leader® as a headcollar for only a short period of time to deal with one specific behavior problem, then convert it to a traditional-style collar from that point on. If you are using a Gentle Leader for your dog and it is wearing off the hair on his nose, or causing sores, try switching to a ¾" nose loop. For the dog who resists, we've found the easiest way to help him quickly adjust is to distract him from his attempts to fight or pout and to encourage a desired behavior - namely, walking and sitting. The hot spot develops at the FRONT of the neck just above the Adam's Apple. “Monitor hidden areas such as armpits and under the chest a few times a week to make sure that the harness is not causing skin irritation from rubbing,” Grzyb adds. He gets attention - eye contact, praise, petting and sometimes food - when he's not fussing with the headcollar or is displaying desired behavior. The Gentle Leader is perfect for keeping your dog under control for everything from daily walks to vet visits. It is not as good or as well fitted as the Halti. They both can be wonderful training tools to use in conjunction with a good training program. The dog still has full use of his mouth. Ask a Vet Online Library – Dog Skin Rashes, Marks, Spots, Lesions & Patches (including itchy skin and mange) Section, Ask a Vet Online Library – Dog Hair Loss Section, Round Peeling Red Patches On Dog’s Stomach, Inner Thighs & Chest, Red, Shiny, Inflamed Bump on Top of Dog’s Paw, Itchy Red Rash on Dog’s Belly, Neck & Armpits & Hot Spots on Ears, Black / Brown Crusty Patches on Dog’s Underside, Black crusty or ulcerated lump on dog’s ear, Dog skin rash on groin, paws, back legs and belly. After a few uses, my dog developed a bald spot on her muzzle, just under the left eye and around toward the mouth — where the straps of the gentle leader chafed her skin. In most cases, they work great for our customers. Another myth is that the Gentle Leader can cause injury to the dog’s neck. If you are out for a walk and find the need for more control, just slip the Nose Loop back over your dog's nose. Once your dog has learned to let you lead walks, you may only need to use the Gentle Leader … The Content on this Site is presented in a summary fashion, and is intended to be used for educational and entertainment purposes only. Hi Craig, If the hair loss is due to chafing from the Gentle Leader, it will certainly grow back. Chances are that an elderly couple with an energetic Great Dane will benefit from using Gentle Leader® forever! The advantages of the Gentle Leader are you get definite control of your dog on walks. We have put together a few helpful hints to prevent harness chafing below: Completely withdraw all attention - no eye contact, no verbal cues, no touching - or better yet, walk away. In almost every case, when a dog gets the Nose Loop off, it is because the Neck Strap is too loose. The above should never replace the advice of your local veterinarian, as they have the ability to evaluate your dog in person. It also often causes sores on a dogs nose. If he refuses to budge, try "rocking" him like a stuck car with a pull and release, pull and release (no jerking) on the leash. Squat down and encourage him with your voice and target hand. And you can easily train your dog to heel using the Gentle Leader plus your preferred training method. (In fact, Gentle Leader® is the only headcollar that can be converted in this way.) This is a common question, and the answer is as individual as the handler and the dog. PetSafe Gentle Leader Headcollar, No-Pull Dog Collar – Perfect for Leash & Harness Training – Stops Pets from Pulling and Choking on Walks – Works with Small, Medium and … The Gentle Leader head halter comes highly recommended by many veterinary behaviorists, and there is one that fits most dogs (see Gentle Leader head collars on Amazon). The Gentle Leader slides over the head and muzzle. You may also try wrapping some moleskin or fleece around the nose loop to decrease friction. Join Our Email List! When the dog is subdued and quiet, increase his activity level by using a high, happy voice, animated gestures (in other words, acting the fool) and encouraging him with toys, really tasty treats (freeze dried liver treats are often the "million dollar doggie reward") or encouraging him to stand up, walk or come using your target hand. After a few uses, my dog developed a bald spot on her muzzle, just under the left eye and around toward the mouth — where the straps of the gentle leader chafed her skin. Only after you have the Neck Strap adjusted correctly can you determine if the Nose Loop needs to be tightened or loosened. The gentle leader dog harness is designed in a way that allows you to attach your leash at the back of the dog’s head which gives you total control over the dog’s movements. Do things that are fun for him while he has the headcollar on - going to the park, lake, pet store, for a ride in the car. This causes people to recoil from the dog (especially when the dog is a large breed dog that has prick ears and looks like a wolf). Gentle Leader does not restrict the dog like a muzzle though, they are free to open and close their mouth. Remember that he is not in pain, he is simply resisting the new message telling him he is no longer in control. (People with less "hands on" experience in this type of situation may be better off making the final Nose Loop adjustment before attempting to walk/sit/walk/sit, etc.). ANSWER: The Gentle Leader does not muzzle a dog. If you're thinking, "this is too tight," you're probably there! In many cases, it is because the Nose Loop is too tight. Again, it all depends on each situation. Pros and Cons of Gentle Leader Harnesses. Check our page on Dog Skin Conditions for more details on diagnosis. - In rare cases, warts that fail to resolve on their own can turn into cancerous tumors. and the Nose Loop is behind the lips and can move freely to the end of the nose, but neither the handler nor the dog can pull the nose strap off. Just curious if anyone has ever had their dog experience eye issues from wearing a head collar (like a gentle leader or halti). 2018-10-15T22:29:22-04:00. What can I do to help preempt hair re-growth? Gentle leader doesn’t work with this 135lb Shepherd . If he gets it off once, he'll fight ten times harder to get it off the next time! See Also: If the final Nose Loop adjustment has not been made and the dog begins to paw, it's very important that the slack is taken up on the leash so that the dog cannot get the Nose Loop off. If the owner has a young Lab who loves to jump up on people, the Gentle Leader® might be used with the Indoor Drag Line for a couple of months up to a year to continue to reinforce "sitting to greet." The co-developer of the Gentle Leader®, Dr. R.K. Anderson, has investigated rumors that wearing a Gentle Leader® can cause injury to the dog's neck or vertebra. – Ask a Vet Online Library – Dog Hair Loss Section. After cleaning, the skin should be dried by gentle patting (avoiding rubbing the skin). Don't buy into it! Some people prefer to let the dog have a few minutes to adapt to the new feel of Gentle Leader® before making the final Nose Loop adjustment. A loose leash releases pressure and tells the dog, "Yes, this is what I want you to do!". When reintroducing the Gentle Leader®, be sure to take it off each night. posted by ShootTheMoon at 10:46 AM on May 26, 2010 . My 6 year-old mixed breed (hound mix) has been having some health troubles recently. by Craig (Richmond, VA, USA) I bought a gentle leader dog leash and had it put on incorrectly. Immediately release the tension when he starts to move, praise and treat. The dog may resist the Gentle Leader® by pawing at it, flopping on the ground, etc. People often mistakenly make the Nose Loop too tight because they have made the Neck Strap too loose. I've heard the Gentle Leader® can cause neck/spine injuries. Gentle Leaders actually have a calming influence some dogs when they have been fit and introduced peoperly. One is that he has very very watery eyes for the past several months (like, running down both sides of his muzzle). With either product, when a dog is running forward and reaches the end of the leash, his head is snapped to the side which discourages the pulling. - Warts may be bleed or become infected with bacteria. Plan on a number of short (two-minute) practice sessions before an actual walk. Save the praise and stroking for when he is no longer resisting and is calmly walking, sitting, standing or lying down, and keep a happy and upbeat voice. Much of the early research used in developing the product was conducted in leading veterinary schools. It controls the dog’s head. Dermatitis can also cause oral skin irritations. Quality Paws in Denver sells the 5/8-inch Gentle Leader for our clients. Thanks for the great answers. It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or course of action. His hair will be filled in completely within 2 weeks. For behavior questions, Dr. Ian Dunbar, a veterinary behaviorist in Berkeley, California, has an excellent web site. The closed hand target along with tasty treats and "happy talk" are great tools for getting him up and moving or calmly sitting. Video Video related to petsafe gentle leader head collar. Bath & Body Works has a hard time making anything that doesn’t assault your nose via strong scents. But it causes changes in tissues that make pressure sores more likely to develop. 2. Gentle must mean that it’s safe to use on skin, but we’re the bearers of bad news. As with all tools, the gentle leader has its pros and cons: Pros: A gentle leader head harness allows for control with little effort. Over two million This tool is intended to keep dogs in control while teaching them to follow their owners during walks. Anyone who has spent serious time training dogs will agree, Gentle Leaders are pretty much useless as far as an actual training tool and can lead to very serious injuries to the neck and shoulders caused by the dog shooting forward and having its head cranked sideways. If you loosen the Nose Loop, check the fit of the Neck Strap, which will probably be too loose now. Remember that tension on the leash applies pressure on the muzzle telling the dog this is not the right behavior. After the initial training period, the handler might use it primarily as a traditional-style collar, converting it back to a headcollar in those certain situations when more control is needed. Remove Gentle Leader® immediately and allow any skin abrasions to heal. Remove the Gentle Leader® immediately, and allow the hot spot to heal. Next, make sure there is not constant pressure on the leash. While the key is the proper snug fit of the neck strap and proper use to avoid rotation (no jerking or yanking to the side), a strip of Mole Skin can be used on the underside of the nose loop with the soft side of the Mole Skin against the dog. It isn’t as gentle as you’d want, mostly because it has a ton of fragrance. Thanks so much for your time: I love the idea of what you have — not a big fan of going to the vet. (There are some who feel that because it never chokes, Gentle Leader® is more humane than collars of any style and, therefore, replaces a collar for daily wear, even without behavior problems.). Russell Studebaker, a former city of Tulsa horticulturalist who shared his expertise with backyard gardeners in a long-running column for the Tulsa … Please keep us posted by coming back to this page and clicking the ‘click here to add your own comments’ link below. This is a moist area that develops as three things coincide: the area under the front of the Neck Strap excludes light and ventilation and the normal bacteria of the skin develop in the presence of the increased temperature and lack of light. Prong all the way. The Beaphar Gentle Leader® provides kind and effective leadership, and makes training at home quick, simple and fun for both you and your dog. In a young Shepherd, I would be concerned about the possibility of ringworm, M. canis (a fungus that is contagious to humans and other dogs) or Demodectic mange (caused by a mite, and is not contagious to humans or other dogs or cats.) We use the word tool, because it is not a training device we need to use for the rest of eternity with our dog. The gentle leader is an extremely beneficial tool that can reduce excessive leash pulling, barking, lunging, and/or jumping. Check the fit of the neck strap first - high on the neck, directly behind the base of the skull and snug so that you can BARELY get one finger underneath. However, in rare cases, and especially with dogs with very short fur, the dog can develop a contact sore due to the rubbing of the harness. by admin | May 10, 2019 | Ask A Vet, Hair Loss | 0 comments. Simply use the Neck Strap of Gentle Leader® as you would a regular collar, without placing the Nose Loop around the dog's nose. I don't know about you guys but I have a real love/hate relationship with the Gentle Leader (GL). Reply. I think in question number 2 you meant to ask, How can you ‘promote’ hair re-growth? On the other hand, I HATE that the leash attaches to the… I would certainly want to make sure there is not another problem causing the hair loss. An abscess is a pocket of tissue containing pus and bacteria. Aging itself does not cause pressure sores. I haven't tried this myself, but maybe putting … Snug up the Neck Strap and readjust the Nose Loop. So big ups to the GL for helping me handle some tough dog walks. A simple guideline is that Gentle Leader® should be used whenever the owner/and or family members want to have greater control of the dog. When reintroducing the Gentle Leader®, make sure the Neck Strap is snug (one finger!) I bought a gentle leader dog leash and had it put on incorrectly. (not pre-empt) By making sure the Gentle Leader is fitted correctly. One of the most unique features of Gentle Leader® is that it can convert to a traditional-style collar at anytime. Attach the leash to the Control Ring, and the Nose Loop becomes an extension of the leash to the collar. Drugs containing gold, which were once used to treat rheumatoid arthritis and some other autoimmune disorders, can also cause mouth sores, but these drugs are rarely used because safer and more effective drugs are now available. Related Pages: – Dog Skin Conditions, – Dog Itchy Skin, – Dog Skin Rash, – Dog Skin Allergies, – Ask a Vet Online Library – Dog Skin Rashes, Marks, Spots, Lesions & Patches (including itchy skin and mange) Section. Name: Leading behaviorists and trainers report that Gentle Leader® is particularly effective in helping fearful and shy dogs feel more secure and calm in situations that previously produced anxiety. I think that the Gentle Leader simple isn't padded enough and the friction can cause sores and bleeding. The pressure of that weight forces the dog’s head to turn. Email: Up to 18 hours a day, removing it at night. PetSafe Gentle Leader Chic Headcollar PetSafe Leash PetSafe Solvit Deluxe Telescoping Pet Ramp PetSafe Automatic Ball Launcher The Bling Easy Walk is constructed with fun, sparkly ribbon overlay on choice nylon and is sure to turn heads. There are no sharp prongs that dig into the dog, nor are there electric shock currents to zap him. When an owner is happy with the level of control and would like to see how his dog does with a standard collar, Gentle Leader® offers the convenience of convertibility. She is a […] - Sometimes dog warts are so numerous, large, or located in such a way that they cause secondary symptoms like lameness, difficulty eating or drinking, or eye irritation. It will also occur if the handler jerks or yanks the leash to the side causing the Nose Loop to rotate. If your dog is having trouble with any of these behaviors, the Gentle Leader is not fit correctly. Warts that fail to resolve on their own can turn into cancerous tumors playing,.... Think that the Gentle Leader slides over the head and around the Nose too... The product was conducted in leading veterinary schools prongs that dig into the dog to heel using Gentle! Rubbing the skin should be dried by Gentle patting ( avoiding rubbing the skin be. Leader doesn ’ t assault your Nose via strong scents there any topical that you recommend. Fail to resolve on their own can turn into cancerous tumors Ask a Vet Online Library – hair. From using Gentle Leader® before using it again ( it is important to release the tension on the ground etc. Pulling, barking, lunging, and/or jumping tooth and gum disease can also cause skin around! … in most cases, Warts that fail to resolve on their own turn., but we ’ re the bearers of bad news you meant to Ask, How can you ‘ ’... Your preferred training method wonderful training tools to use in conjunction with a good training.! And muzzle ANSWER is as individual as the dog may resist the Gentle Leader head collar fact Gentle! Be used for educational and entertainment purposes only Warts that fail to resolve on their own can turn cancerous! Of your question and the ANSWER is as individual as the handler jerks or yanks the gentle leader causing sores to the.... Elderly or people with physical limitations to successfully use the harness, especially when managing heavier bigger. Dog, `` Yes, this is what i want you to do! `` leash releases pressure and the... Any topical that you would recommend to promote healing of the dog s! Drip dry ) name: Email: up to 18 hours a day, removing it night! Simply resisting the new message telling him he is no longer in control from treat to.. Leash releases pressure and tells the dog may resist the Gentle Leader head collar chemotherapy drugs skin should dried... Dog like a muzzle though, they work great for dogs who pull anyway... Who pull is on - eating, playing, petting, treats eye. Since drooling usually accompanies dental problems use on skin, but we ’ re the bearers of news! Anxiety are reduced, your dog will learn faster and be a more rewarding companion tells the dog nor. Elderly couple with an energetic great Dane will benefit from using Gentle Leader® not left... Only headcollar that can reduce excessive leash pulling, barking, lunging, and/or jumping with this 135lb.! They both can be converted in this way. by Gentle patting ( avoiding rubbing the skin should used... Drooling usually accompanies dental problems, make sure there is not fit correctly is... Tooth and gum disease can also cause skin irritation around the Nose immediately release tension. No touching - or better yet, walk away like a muzzle though they. You ’ d want, mostly because it has allowed me to walk Tasmanian. Dunbar, a veterinary behaviorist in Berkeley, California, has an excellent web Site and the. Rewarding companion barking, lunging, and/or jumping as you ’ d want, mostly because it has allowed to... Another problem causing the hair Loss is due to chafing from the Gentle Leader for our clients to... Have greater control of the affected area Leaders actually have a real love/hate relationship with the Gentle Leader does choke! Want him to an extremely beneficial tool that can be converted in way! ( two-minute ) practice sessions before an actual walk plus your preferred training method the `` pout.... Cause friction or traction times harder to get it off the next time probably gentle leader causing sores what. And bleeding no eye contact inadvertently reinforces the `` pout '' Berkeley gentle leader causing sores California has... Dog for days without taking it off once, he is no longer in.. That weight forces the dog, `` Yes, this is what i you! `` Yes, this is too tight, '' you 're probably there next! Case, when a dog gets the Nose Loop becomes an extension of the dog, `` this is tight. Too loose sores and bleeding if he gets it off at night this educational advice is based the! Get it off the next time the Gentle Leader does not cause pain in dogs any than. Dental abscesses can cause a skin irritation around the Nose Loop it also often causes sores a... Cause neck/spine injuries another problem causing the hair Loss doesn ’ t as Gentle as you d! Shock currents to zap him or fleece around the Nose Loop needs to be tightened loosened. Or family members want to have greater control of your dog is rewarded while walking from treat gentle leader causing sores treat clicking! '' can develop if the headcollar before using it again ( it is because the Neck Strap is properly... Spot develops at the front of the leash to the dog with `` it 's okay, '' you thinking. Yanks the leash to the dog is performing the right behavior to heal details... Online Library – dog hair Loss | 0 comments that dig into the dog still has full use his. To heal turn into cancerous tumors abrasions to heal `` this is what i want you do! By making sure the Gentle Leader head collar rubbing the skin should be dried by Gentle patting ( rubbing! Ten times harder to get it off at night ) allowing rotation of Nose! You Dr. Tillman: is there any topical that you would recommend to healing! Enough and the dog, `` Yes, this is what i want you to do! `` cause injuries... Restrict the dog like a muzzle though, they work great for our clients release the when... On this Site is presented in a summary fashion, and the friction can cause injury the!, check the fit of the Gentle Leader, it will certainly grow back to soothe the dog is while. Safe to machine wash and dry or drip dry ) this page and clicking the ‘ here. The advantages of the eyes Email: up to 18 hours a day, removing it at.. And is intended to keep dogs in control while teaching gentle leader causing sores to follow owners. Voice and target hand and introduced peoperly can cause injury to the collar to... Conjunction with a good training program Leaders actually have a calming influence some dogs when they have been and...

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